Living organisms developed in nature through the evolution process are equipped with supremely skilled and sophisticated biological functions that cannot be realized with current engineering techniques. Analysis of these mechanisms may lead to not only elucidation of biological functions but also development of a wide variety of novel engineering systems.
From the viewpoint of a scientist approaching the secrets of living organisms and from that of an engineer developing machinery useful for human kind, the members of Biological Systems Engineering laboratory work on a wide variety of projects to analyze the characteristics of biological functions from theoretical and experimental approaches employing engineering techniques aiming to find new principles peculiar to biological systems, and develop novel medical/welfare apparatuses and industrial devices by applying the elucidated principles.
Through such research activities, the students can learn in-depth knowledge about biological systems based on electricity, electronics, systems and information engineering foundation allowing themselves to become creative engineers capable of seeking a new principle and expanding it into new fields.
Five research themes
There are still a lot of unknown functions and mechanisms hidden in the
biological system. If we can elucidate and utilize them from engineering
standpoint,then there is a possibility of creating new technologies to
carve out the future of the 21st century. The Biological Systems
Engineering Laboratory categorizes the broad research field of
biological systems into five major research themes in order to explore
specific research projects under each theme, and further functionally
coordinate and fuse each theme to create novel research fields.
Biological signal analysis and its application to human interfaces
We develop novel signal processing algorithms that enablethe interpretation of human motions, intentions, and physiological/psychological states contained in biological signals, such as myoelectric signals, electroencephalograms, and electrocardiograms, as well as create robotic interfaces and medical welfare equipment.
Biomechanical analysis and its application to human-machine system design
We model human sensory/motor functions from electrical and electronicperspectives based on experimentally measured data, and develop novel movement support systems and next-generation automobile control systems by incorporating modeled human characteristics.
Statistical structure of neural networks based on novel machine learning algorithms
We propose new machine learning algorithms and neural networks based on probabilistic statistical theory and applythese to the development oflearning and control technologiesfor robots, medical welfare equipment, and medical data classificationtechnology.
Brain function/neural network modeling and artificial life models
Focusing on functions such as locomotion generation, sensation, perception, learning, and judgment, we model brain functions from an engineering viewpoint using artificial neural networks. Ultimately, we aim to model and analyze higher brain functions, especially social brain functions that understand the minds of others and live harmoniously, and Kansei that involves nonverbal, unconscious, and intuitive sensibilities. We also develop artificial life form models based on biological knowledge using the constructed brain models.
Biometric information mining technology and medical support systems
We are engaged in the research and development of novel medical support systems and medical devices through medicine-engineering collaborations by utilizing electric and electronic systems and information engineering technologies, such as biomechanical analysis technology, biological signal analysis technology, machine learning technology, and biological simulation technology that were developed in the Biological Systems Engineering laboratory.
Our research results have been published in scientific journals, books, conference proceedings, patent, etc.. The numbers of publications the lab produced are shown as follows (as of November 14, 2018):